Moulds are a natural part of the environment. However, indoor mould growth should be avoided as certain moulds have the potential to cause health problems, especially for children, the elderly and individuals with compromised immune systems.

Moulds reproduce by means of tiny spores which are invisible to the naked eye and float through outdoor and indoor air. Mould will often begin growing indoors when mould spores land on moist surfaces. There are a variety of mould types and all require water or moisture to grow.

The truth is that all homes have mould and it's virtually impossible to get rid of all indoor mould and mould spores found floating through the air and in household dust. The way to control household mold growth is by controlling indoor moisture.

Research on Mould and Health Affects is Ongoing

Moulds produce allergens, irritants and in some cases, potentially toxic substances (mycotoxins). Inhaling or touching mould or mould spores may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.

Immediate or delayed allergic responses may include the following common symptoms:

  1. Sneezing
  2. Runny nose
  3. Red, itchy eyes
  4. Skin rash
  5. Asthma attacks for individuals with asthma who are allergic to mould

If you or someone in your family is experiencing symptoms that may be the result of household mould, seek medical attention right away.

Keeping Household Mould to a Minimum

Here are a few suggestions for keeping household mould to a minimum:

  1. Keep moist air out so mould has less chance to grow
  2. Use the exhaust fan in your bathroom
  3. If you have a damp basement, use a dehumidifier
  4. Repair any leak in your home immediately. If you do experience a leak, clean it up and dry the area as quick as possible.
  5. A musty household smell usually indicates there is a mould problem
  6. Get rid of mouldy carpets, furniture or rugs
  7. Use a bleach and water solution to scrub visible mould growth on walls, baseboards and other surfaces or use a commercial mould remover. If the mould keeps coming back, hire a professional to get rid of it.

If you suspect that you have a household mould problem, you may need to hire a mould remediation specialist who can take air quality samples and inspect your home for visible and hidden signs of mould. Household mould problems should be addressed without delay.